hammer

hammer
ham|mer1 [ˈhæmə US -ər] n
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(tool)¦
2 come/go under the hammer
3 hammer blow
4 hammer and tongs
5¦(gun)¦
6¦(sport)¦
7¦(piano)¦
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
[: Old English; Origin: hamor]
1.) ¦(TOOL)¦
a) a tool with a heavy metal part on a long handle, used for hitting nails into wood
b) a tool like this with a wooden head used to make something flat, make a noise etc
an auctioneer's hammer
2.) come/go under the hammer
to be offered for sale at an ↑auction
3.) hammer blow
BrE an event that damages something very seriously
hammer blow for
The decision is a hammer blow for the coal industry.
4.) hammer and tongs informal
a) if people go at each other hammer and tongs, they fight or argue very loudly
b) if someone does something hammer and tongs, they do it with all their energy
5.) ¦(GUN)¦
the part of a gun that hits the explosive ↑charge that fires a bullet
6.) ¦(SPORT)¦
a heavy metal ball on a wire with a handle at the end, which you throw as far as possible as a sport
7.) ¦(PIANO)¦
a wooden part of a ↑piano that hits the strings inside to make a musical sound
hammer 2
hammer2 v
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(hit with a hammer)¦
2¦(hit repeatedly)¦
3¦(hurt with problems)¦
4¦(hit hard)¦
5¦(criticize)¦
6 hammer something home
7¦(heart)¦
8¦(defeat)¦
Phrasal verbs
 hammer away
 hammer something<=>in
 hammer something<=>out
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1.) ¦(HIT WITH A HAMMER)¦ [I and T]
to hit something with a hammer in order to force it into a particular position or shape
hammer sth in/into sth
Hammer the nails into the back of the frame.
hammer away (at sth)
All afternoon, Martin had been hammering away in the conservatory.
the sound of hammering and sawing
2.) ¦(HIT REPEATEDLY)¦
to hit something many times, especially making a loud noise
= ↑pound, bang ↑bang hammer at
Daniella hammered at the door.
The rain was hammering against the window.
3.) ¦(HURT WITH PROBLEMS)¦ [T]
to hurt someone or something by causing them a lot of problems
British industry was being hammered by the recession.
4.) ¦(HIT HARD)¦ [T] [i]informal
to hit or kick something very hard
Robinson hammered the ball into the goal.
5.) ¦(CRITICIZE)¦ [T]
to strongly criticize or attack someone for something they have said or done
The president has been hammered for his lack of leadership.
6.) hammer sth home
to make sure that people understand something by repeating it many times
The message must be hammered home that crime doesn't pay.
7.) ¦(HEART)¦
if your heart hammers, you feel it beating strongly and quickly
= ↑pound
She stood outside the door, her heart hammering.
8.) ¦(DEFEAT)¦ [T] [i]informal
to defeat someone completely at a sport
Arsenal hammered Manchester United 5-0.
hammer away phr v
1.) to keep saying something because you want people to understand or accept it
hammer away at
I keep hammering away at this point because it's important.
2.) to work hard and continuously at something
hammer away at
You need to keep on hammering away at achieving your goals.
hammer in [hammer sth<=>in] phr v
to keep saying something until people completely understand it
The coach hammered his message into the team.
hammer out [hammer sth<=>out] phr v
to decide on an agreement, contract etc after a lot of discussion and disagreement
Leading oil producers tried to hammer out a deal.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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